November 29, 2001
To Stay or Go?
Yossi Cohen, a Tel Aviv taxi driver, is taking it easy these days. He has been slicing time from his usual 10-hour shifts because there just aren't many clients out there. At the same time, he wouldn't consider leaving Israel for anywhere else.
"What, I need to be a cabbie in Queens?" asked Cohen, 47, shrugging his shoulders. "I'm right where I need to be, here, in my homeland, offering my bit of support."
That's one of the typical reactions offered by Israelis after more than a year of violence. They're tired of the drive-by shootings, the suicide bombings, the endless cycle of death and destruction. But they're hunkering down in Israel, because this is their homeland and they're not leaving.
But there also is an opposite reaction -- the Israelis who decide to leave because they can't take it any longer. They want to feel safe and secure. They want good jobs and nice homes and safe futures for their children. However, they don't leave without a certain amount of guilt over "abandoning" their homeland.
The continuing Palestinian intifada, coupled with the global economic downturn -- Israel's Central Bureau of Statistics announced this week that the country officially is in a recession -- has forced more than a few Israelis to consider a temporary or permanent move.
"The decision to leave is very complex and usually comes about because of a number of factors," said Danny Gordis, who made aliyah with his family shortly before the intifada began in September 2000. "People are out of work and they're hurting financially. You can sense a general societal unhappiness."
Yet being in Israel during the intifada forces Israelis to reexamine why they are here in the first place, Gordis pointed out.
"I think this has clarified for a lot of Israelis the degree to which they're committed to the Jewish State," Gordis said.
No statistics have been gathered by Israeli organizations or government ministries on the number of Israelis who have left since the intifada began. According to the Jewish Agency for Israel, aliyah from Western Europe and North America has been affected slightly since last fall.
There were 1,159 emigrants from North America between January and October 2001, an 11 percent drop from the previous year. Another 1,382 Western Europeans made aliyah during the same time period, a 19 percent drop from the same period in 2000.
"The reasons for the drop could include the intifada and the current economic situation," said Yehuda Weinraub, a spokesman for the Jewish Agency. "But we can't be certain."
Yet despite depression over the continuing violence and the worsening economic situation, only a small minority of Israelis -- both Arabs and Jews -- are considering emigrating, according to the monthly Peace Index.
The survey, conducted by the Center for Peace Research at Tel Aviv University, asked 580 Israeli Jews and Arabs in August whether they have considered emigrating as a result of the situation. Fully 80 percent of Jewish respondents said they had no plans to emigrate even if they could, and only 14 percent said they would leave due to the situation. Of the Arabs surveyed, 94 percent said they had no intention of emigrating.
"It would seem that neither pessimism about chances of attaining peace, nor uncertainty about the present state of affairs, have caused the public to change its daily way of life," wrote Ephraim Ya'ar and Tamar Hermann, who run the center. "The ability to cope with the situation, as reflected in maintaining daily routine, is also reflected in the low numbers who announced that they were considering leaving the country, which is surprising."
Yet everyone seems to know someone who is leaving. People often say they're going away for a few years, just to take a break. Some call it a sabbatical, others a breath of fresh air from the tension of life in Israel.
For Sissy Block, an American who made aliyah nine years ago and is now heading to New York, it's a matter of weighing opportunities.
"The decision to leave was agonizing, because I had an image of being a successful Zionist," Block said. "I definitely [will save] Israel as an option, but I'm going. "