August 18, 2005
Nation & World Briefs
Church Condemns Israel's Barrier
A Protestant church has condemned Israel's West Bank security barrier. The proposal, passed Saturday by the Evangelical Lutheran Church's assembly, denounced the barrier for causing hardships for Palestinians, and also called on the denomination to play a role in "stewarding financial resources -- both U.S. tax dollars and private funds -- in ways that support the quest for a just peace in the Holy Land," The Associated Press reported. But it did not specifically mention divestment from Israel or companies that do business with Israel. The vote is the latest taken by Protestant churches to protest Israel's security barrier.
Travel Warning Issued on Gaza
The U.S. State Department warned U.S. citizens to avoid traveling to the Gaza Strip. The advisory, an intensification of prior warnings, calls on U.S. citizens to "avoid crowds, maintain a high level of vigilance, take appropriate steps to increase their security awareness and exercise caution in public places or while using public transportation" during Israel's withdrawal, which began this week. It also reiterates prior calls on Americans to avoid travel to Gaza, postpone unnecessary travel to the West Bank and weigh the necessity of travel to Israel.
Roberts Backed 'Moment of Silence' in Schools
While working in the Justice Department for the Reagan administration in 1985, Supreme Court nominee John Roberts wrote in a memo to his supervisor that he would not object to a constitutional amendment on school prayer. Referring to a Supreme Court ruling that struck down a school prayer law in Alabama, Roberts wrote that the idea that the "Constitution prohibits such a moment of silent reflection -- or even silent 'prayer' -- seems indefensible."
The memo was among nearly 5,400 pages of records pertaining to the Supreme Court nominee released by the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library. Roberts also wrote in a memo that a California group's memorial service to protest abortion was an "entirely appropriate means of calling attention to the abortion tragedy." Roberts' confirmation hearings are expected to begin early next month.
Sharon: More Withdrawals Possible
Ariel Sharon said additional West Bank settlements could be handed over to the Palestinians as part of a future peace agreement. Asked in an interview with the Yediot Achronot newspaper if Israel eventually would withdraw from other West Bank settlements, he said, "Not everything will be there. The issue will be raised during the final-status talks with the Palestinians." Still, Sharon insisted that the large West Bank settlement blocs would remain intact. In addition, he reportedly noted, "I never replied when asked what the boundaries of the settlements blocs are -- and not because I'm not familiar with the map."
Fund to Buy Up Gaza Hothouses
A private international fund agreed to pay Jewish farmers in Gaza $14 million to buy most of the hothouses they will leave behind. Representatives for the Gaza farmers signed the deal Friday with the Economic Cooperation Foundation, the Jerusalem Post reported. The deal came days before Israel began evacuating the Gaza settlements. The foundation, which organized the collection of private donations to fund the project, will transfer the hothouses to a Palestinian Authority company. James Wolfensohn, Mideast envoy for the Quartet -- the diplomatic grouping of the United States, Russia, the European Union and the United Nations that is driving the "road map" peace plan -- was instrumental in raising funds for the transfer, and himself donated $500,000.
Bedouin Soldier Behind Bars
An Israeli soldier who killed a British activist in the Gaza Strip was jailed for eight years. Wahid Taysir, a volunteer from Israel's Bedouin Arab minority, was sentenced by a court-martial last week to 10 years in prison for manslaughter and another 18 months for obstruction of justice but was told that three and a half years of the sentence would be suspended. It was the toughest punishment handed down to an Israeli soldier for an unlawful killing in a combat zone during the Palestinian intifada. The ex-sergeant confessed to shooting Tom Hurndall, a member of a pro-Palestinian activist group, in the southern Gaza town Rafah in 2003 and to falsely telling investigators that Hurndall had been armed. The court-martial said it chose not to give the defendant the maximum possible sentence of 27 years in prison because of his exemplary combat record and to pre-empt accusations that it was scapegoating a member of an ethnic minority.
Minority in the Homeland
Jews are no longer the majority of residents in Israel, the West Bank and Gaza Strip combined, a study found. According to data supplied last week by the liberal daily, Ha'aretz, Jews constitute slightly more than 49.3 percent of the population in Israel, the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The figures were supplied by Israel and the Palestinian Authority's statistics bureaus. The paper included as non-Jews some 185,000 foreign workers in Israel and almost 300,000 immigrants who are not Jewish under Orthodox law. Prime Minister Ariel Sharon has said that the Gaza withdrawal would help Israel demographically by ridding it of responsibility for 1.4 million Palestinians. According to Ha'aretz, demographers say that after the Gaza withdrawal, the percentage of Jews within Israel's borders will be around 56 percent, a majority that should last for around 20 years.
Oy, Mr. Tallyman
Harry Belafonte retracted his recent statement that Jews were "high up in the Third Reich." But the singer and political activist told the Jerusalem Post that Jews had contributed to Nazism.
"Was it rampant? Absolutely not," Belafonte told the Post. "But these things happen and people are not exempt from their behavior."
To support his contention, Belafonte referred to "Hitler's Jewish Soldiers," a book that detailed how some Germans of partial Jewish descent served in the Nazi army during World War II.
Briefs courtesy Jewish Telegraphic Agency.