The United States presented a resolution condemning Holocaust denial to the United Nations General Assembly. The text, introduced Tuesday in advance of the U.N.-designated International Day of Commemoration for victims of the Holocaust on Jan. 27, urges member states "to reject any denial of the Holocaust as a historical event" and "condemns without reservation any denial of the Holocaust." Although it does not mention Iran, the measure is seen as a reaction to last month's Holocaust denial conference hosted by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in Tehran.
"I wouldn't say it's a reaction to, but certainly the conference in question only reminds us that there are those among us who actually minimize or deny the Holocaust, and we find that frightening," said Richard Grenell, the U.S. mission's spokesman. "And this resolution makes clear it's unacceptable to even minimize it."
The resolution, which has some 25 sponsors, is expected to go to a vote Friday.
Pole Wins Jerusalem Prize
This year's Jerusalem Prize will go to Leszek Kolakowski in recognition of his critiques of the repressive aspects of Soviet communism and his championing of human liberty. The prestigious literary prize will be presented at next month's Jerusalem International Book Fair.
Born in 1927, Kolakowski earned a doctorate from Warsaw University and went on to serve on the faculties of Harvard, Oxford and the University of Chicago before retiring in 1995. Past recipients of the prize include Bertrand Russell, Arthur Miller, Susan Sontag, Mario Vargas Llosa, Milan Kundera and Simone de Beauvoir. Some of the recipients went on to receive the Nobel Prize for literature, including V.S. Naipaul and J.M. Coetzee.
Swiss Admit Israel-Syria Mediation
Switzerland confirmed that it had been mediating secret efforts to launch Israeli-Syrian peace talks. Swiss President and Foreign Minister Micheline Calmy-Rey said Monday that top emissaries from her government were currently in Damascus. She refused to elaborate, but the disclosure appeared to confirm a Ha'aretz report earlier this month that a European country had mediated two years of unofficial talks between a retired Israeli diplomat and a Syrian American businessman about how the two countries could resume peace talks that were cut off in 2000. Prime Minister Ehud Olmert dismissed the contacts as unauthorized, while the Syrian government called the Ha'aretz report baseless.
Survivors Owed Billions, Study Says
Holocaust survivors are still owed as much as $175 billion in reparations, according to a new study. The Jewish Political Studies Review in Jerusalem said European nations had promised $3.4 billion in reparations, but only half of that had been paid by 2005. Only about 20 percent of Jewish assets have been returned overall, according to the study, which was made public last Friday by Reuters. The study said payments slowed after the United States stopped pressuring Europe on restitution. Holocaust survivors, many of them poor, are frustrated with the lack of payments. "Things are moving much too slowly," said Menachem Rosensaft, founder of the International Network of Children of Jewish Holocaust Survivors. The Claims Conference said it would not comment on the report.
Katsav to Face Rape Charges
Israel's attorney general decided that President Moshe Katzav should be charged with rape. Menachem Mazuz's office issued a statement Tuesday saying it had collected enough evidence to support charging Katsav with rape and sexual harassment of former employees, obstruction of justice and fraud. A final decision on whether to indict Katsav will be made after a hearing in which the president may present his case. The president has immunity while in office, but said last month that he would resign if indicted. Katsav has denied any wrongdoing.
JDub, Matisyahu End Legal Troubles
In a release issued Tuesday, nonprofit Jewish record label and management team JDub announced it has resolved all legal disputes with Matisyahu, although its business relationship with the artist remains severed. In a surprise move last March, the Chasidic reggae star abruptly ended his management agreement with JDub's Aaron Bisman and Jacob Harrison on the eve of the release of his first major studio album, "Youth." JDub claimed their agreement with the artist had three years remaining on a four-year contract when Matisyahu moved to representation by former Capitol Records president Gary Gersh.
-- Staff Report
Rap Mogul Addresses Jewish Congress
Rap mogul Russell Simmons called on Jewish entertainers to fight racism. In a speech Monday to the World Jewish Congress titled "Unity: Fighting Our Fights Together," Simmons spoke about his public service announcements against racism and anti-Semitism that will be aired in Europe later this month. The ads, produced by Simmons, co-leader of The Foundation for Ethnic Understanding, feature Simmons and rapper Jay-Z encouraging young people to fight racism and anti-Semitism in their communities. Simmons called on the Beastie Boys and other Jewish entertainers to create another public service announcement with him, this one focusing on Islamophobia.
Saddam Chroniclers Look to Yad Vashem
Iraqis documenting Saddam Hussein's crimes have been consulting with Yad Vashem. Yediot Achronot reported Tuesday that a group of Iraqi exiles that want to honor the late dictator's victims visited the Jerusalem-based Holocaust memorial last year and also met with Hollywood director Steven Spielberg, who has documented the stories of Holocaust survivors. "It is difficult for me to make a comparison between the story of the Iraqi victims and the Holocaust of the Jews in Europe," Kanan Makiya, one of the researchers, told Yediot. "Yet there are many basic similarities. Saddam behaved toward some parts of his people as Hitler did toward the Jews. Both cases are tragedies and there were innocent victims in both cases."
Shipwreck Found Off Israel's Coast
An eighth-century shipwreck was discovered off Israel's northern coast. Though the 50-foot-long boat was discovered almost a decade ago, Haifa University's Institute for Maritime Studies announced the find Tuesday after completing its research into the vessel.
"We do not have any other historical or archaeological evidence of the economic activity and commerce of this period," said the university's Ya'acov Kahanov. "The shipwreck will serve as a source of information about the social and economic activities in this area."
In addition to the wooden hull, many of the boat's contents were preserved. Among them are 30 vessels of pottery of different sizes and designs containing fish bones, ropes, mats, a bone needle, a wooden spoon, wood carvings and food remains, mainly carobs and olives.
Briefs courtesy Jewish Telegraphic Agency.