Israel destroyed a Syrian nuclear reactor that was nearly ready to produce two bombs, the CIA chief said.
Michael Hayden said Monday that the secret, unfinished reactor that the United States believes Israel bombed Sept. 6 in northeastern Syria eventually would have made fissile material for bombs.
"In the course of a year after they got full up, they would have produced enough plutonium for one or two weapons," he told reporters.
Israel has refused to provide details on the target of the air strike, leaving the CIA to deliver an extensive briefing last week on indications that Syria was pursuing nuclear weapons with North Korean help. In an apparent reference to help from Israeli intelligence, Hayden said that CIA's disclosures were "the result of a team effort."
Some Israeli experts have questioned the wisdom of the CIA giving such an expansive account on the reactor because it could compromise intelligence assets in Syria. But Hayden indicated there was no breach of trust with Israel.
"One has to respect the origin of the information in terms of how it is used," he said.
GOP Lawmakers Target Carter
Two Republican congressmen introduced legislation that would deny the Carter Center federal dollars.
U.S. Reps. Joe Knollenberg (R-Mich.) and Bill Shuster (R-Pa.) introduced the Coordinated American Response to Extreme Radicals Act , or CARTER Act, last week in the wake of former President Jimmy Carter's recent outreach to Hamas.
"America must speak with one voice against our terrorist enemies," Knollenberg said in a statement. "It sends a fundamentally troubling message when an American dignitary is engaged in dialogue with terrorists. My legislation will make sure that taxpayer dollars are not being used to support discussions or negotiations with terrorist groups."
The Zionist Organization of American praised the legislation.
Carter's Atlanta-based center focuses mostly on international development. The former president met with Hamas officials against the advice of the Bush administration. He defended his meetings as his attempt to help bring an end to the violence on the Israel-Gaza Strip border.
Pollard: I Don't Know Kadish
Jonathan Pollard says he does not know alleged spy Ben-Ami Kadish.
Kadish, 84, allegedly passed American military secrets to Israel during the same period as the former Navy intelligence analyst.
Esther Pollard, the wife of the convicted and jailed spy, said in an interview that the first her husband had heard of Kadish was when his arrest was announced last week.
Kadish, a former U.S. Army engineer, is accused of spying for Israel between 1979 and 1985, a period coinciding with Pollard's activities. Kadish is also believed to have been run by the same Israeli agent.
"He said he did not know Kadish and asked me if this would embarrass Israel, even though this was an affair that had been known for years," Esther Pollard told Ma'ariv.
She further downplayed speculation that the new affair could hurt Israel's efforts to win clemency for Pollard, who is eligible for parole in 2015.
Observers believe the U.S. government will likely deny the request.
"It won't take long for this to drop from the headlines," she said. "There will always be people who want to interfere, but this must not obscure Israel's goal, which is to rescue its agent from jail in a foreign country."
Iranians Raze Seven Synagogues in Tehran
Seven synagogues in Tehran have been razed by local authorities to make way for residential skyscrapers and urban renovation, L.A. Iranian Jewish leaders report. The synagogues were located in the Oudlajan neighborhood of Iran's capital, a former ghetto with a dwindling Jewish population.
"It is a Muslim-owned area that in the eyes of a neutral observer would justifiably require a major renovation," said Sam Kermanian, secretary general of the Los Angeles-based Iranian American Jewish Federation.
Oudlajan was the poverty-stricken site of Tehran's Jewish ghetto nearly 100 years ago. After Iran's Pahlavi monarchs gave Jews new freedoms more than 60 years ago, Tehran's Jewish community gradually attained prosperity and left the area.
Kermanian downplayed the value of synagogues, saying that they were all but deserted.
"The synagogues there were mostly store fronts," he said. "They were not the type of structures that would be considered significant historical monuments."
While he believes the destruction of the synagogues was insensitive, Kermanian says he doubts anti-Semitism played a role.
Calls made to the Central Jewish Committee in Tehran for comment were not returned.
Tehran currently has 11 functioning synagogues, several Jewish schools and a Jewish library.
-- Karmel Melamed, Contributing Writer
Young Jews to Pledge Genocide Fight
Young Jews will pledge to fight all genocide during a Yom HaShoah gathering at Auschwitz. Some 10,000 participants in the annual March of the Living had planned to sign the pledge Thursday -- Holocaust Remembrance Day -- at the Nazi concentration camp in Poland.
The March of the Living Pledge commits each individual, the majority of whom are aged 16 to 22, "to fight every form of discrimination manifested against any religion, nationality or ethnic group." It goes on to say, "After the Shoah the promise of 'Never Again' was proclaimed. We pledge to create a world where Never Again will become a reality for the Jewish People and, indeed, for all people. This is our solemn pledge to the Jewish People, to those who came before us, to those of our generation, and to those who will follow in future generations."
The ceremony will be led by Brig. Gen. Gabi Ashkenazi, the chief of staff of the Israel Defense Forces, in recognition of Israel's 60th anniversary. Following Thursday's event, a global effort will attempt to enlist the support of the 150,000 March of the Living alumni to publicly state their condemnation of genocide past and present.
Briefs courtesy Jewish Telegraphic Agency.
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