October 5, 2000
Beyond the Glass Ceiling
New initiative aims to advance more women to top Jewish posts.
Most were colleagues and friends offering congratulations. But more than five - and the ones that Engelhart found most touching - were from young women professionals at Jewish organizations asking her to be their mentor.
As Engelhart's sudden popularity illustrates, female role models are in short supply, both in the Jewish federation world and at the highest tiers of other Jewish organizations.But a new initiative - the first effort launched by a new federation system offshoot, the Trust for Jewish Philanthropy - is seeking to change that.
With a $1 million seed grant from Barbara and Eric Dobkin, New York philanthropists known for their support of Jewish feminist causes, the project aims to help the organized Jewish community "identify, attract, recruit, advance and retain women in management and executive positions."
The initiative - called Advancing Women Professionals and the Jewish Community - capitalizes on another concern that has seized the attention of leaders throughout the Jewish world: the growing shortage of qualified Jewish communal professionals.
By recruiting women more aggressively, the reasoning goes, the pool of candidates will effectively double.Jewish organizations, say the initiative's proponents, have trailed the business world and other nonprofits in advancing women and have created a climate in which mid-level women professionals believe they must leave the field in order to advance.
"Virtually every profession and industry has moved more quickly and more effectively on opening opportunities to women at top levels than the Jewish communal world," said Louise Stoll, chief operating officer of the federation system's national umbrella, United Jewish Communities (UJC).
Hired in 1999, Stoll is the first woman to hold so high a position in the federation world.
Shifra Bronznick, a consultant who helps facilitate change at not-for-profit organizations and is widely credited with designing the new initiative, points out that women hold 51 percent of all CEO posts at foundations and are growing more visible in the corporate world.
In contrast, only two of 40 major national Jewish organizations, excluding women's organizations, are run by women, according to Bronznick.
Before Engelhart's hiring in Rhode Island, only one other woman had held a top position at a federation of that size, and it is believed that a woman has never been the top executive at any of the 19 largest federations in North America.
The new initiative seeks to persuade leaders of national, regional and local Jewish organizations to make hiring women a greater priority.
Specifically, it will create a talent bank to identify potential women candidates from within and outside the Jewish community, assist organizations seeking to recruit women, track which organizations are more successful than others at hiring and retaining women, and establish a training program for both male and female senior management candidates.
It is not clear why women are so poorly represented in top Jewish professional circles.
While there is much talk of glass ceilings and some talk of old boys' networks, few blame the inequity on overt sexism. Indeed, many Jewish organizations say they would like to hire more women but have difficulty finding enough qualified female candidates.
However, UJC's Stoll said that "resistance has been very strong" to accommodating women at top levels and that it is common to hear comments such as, "I can't send a woman to deal with that solicitation. He'll do better with a man."
But some women in the field - while supportive of the new initiative - suggest that it is not necessarily discrimination that dissuades women from seeking top positions.
Shula Bahat, acting executive director of the American Jewish Committee, which she said has made recent strides in recruiting women for top lay and professional roles, said she knows of several situations where women were considered for executive jobs but took their hats out of the ring to leave more time for family.Ironically, the concern about the dearth of women in top posts comes at a time when other Jewish spheres are reporting a shortage of men.
A recent study found that with the exception of the Orthodox world, women participate more in adult Jewish learning than men. Another study - on Jewish teens - found that boys are less likely than girls to join youth groups or attend religious school while in high school.
Some have speculated about a "feminization" of Jewish life, saying that as Judaism has become more open to women, it is being devalued by - and abandoned by - men.
The new initiative's backers say they are not worried this will happen in the upper echelons of Jewish organizations.
"I think that when wonderful leaders head up institutions, everyone wants to be a part of them," Bronznick said.