Inside the massive Washington Convention Center, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice will be talking about the Gaza Strip withdrawal and the Iranian nuclear threat.
However, in the hallways and the social gatherings of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee's (AIPAC) annual policy conference next week, talk is likely to focus on the investigation into two former AIPAC staffers and the effect it could have on AIPAC's ability to lobby for Israel.
AIPAC will be tasked with keeping its members focused on the important issues facing Israel and maintaining support in Congress if the Gaza pullout, planned for this summer, goes awry. The effort to keep attention focused on Iran's presumed drive for nuclear weapons is also high on its agenda.
The organization is still perceived as a "behemoth," congressional officials say, and will be taken seriously when it meets May 22-24 -- but a cloud will linger over the proceedings.
"You deal with them as you would normally deal with them," one congressional staffer said. He compared it to a friend who has a health problem: You don't talk about the problem, and you hope that it resolves itself quickly.
There are two traditional success markers to an AIPAC policy conference. One is a roll call of members of Congress, diplomats and administration officials attending the Monday night dinner -- last year there were nearly 200, including more than 40 senators -- and the other is a lobbying day Tuesday, when thousands of AIPAC members descend on Capitol Hill.
How many lawmakers turn up Monday night and how the lobbyists fare Tuesday will be closely watched by the organization, its supporters and its critics. Some insiders, who asked not to be identified, say there may be apprehension about working with AIPAC, because of the FBI probe.
"I think most members of Congress and staffers who are invited to meet with AIPAC constituents and go to the dinner will still go," a congressional aide said. "But I'm convinced, in the back of everybody's mind, there is a kernel of concern and doubt that maybe we shouldn't be playing ball with AIPAC the way we always have."
AIPAC's problems stem from an FBI investigation into Lawrence Franklin, a Pentagon analyst arrested earlier this month and accused of verbally passing classified information to Steve Rosen, AIPAC's research director, and Keith Weissman, a top Iran analyst at AIPAC.
AIPAC fired both men last month, and Rosen associates tell JTA he expects to be indicted. AIPAC officials claim that they have been assured the probe is not targeting the organization or any other staffers.
"Nobody knows what the implications of this legal situation are," a congressional staffer said. "It could be a blip, and AIPAC has had blips before."
AIPAC has gone to great lengths to stress its bona fides, publicizing Rice, Sharon and other scheduled speakers, including leaders of both congressional chambers from both parties. Sharon's presence is considered particularly significant. Israeli prime ministers rarely travel to the United States if they don't have an audience with the president.
Sharon is expected to meet with the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations in New York before heading to Washington, but has planned no political meetings, a spokesman for the Israeli Embassy in Washington said. Sharon also is expected to be welcomed in New York at a rally Sunday, a measure of American Jewish support for the disengagement plan.
"Prime Minister Sharon is coming to stand with the American pro-Israel community at a crucial moment in the history of the U.S.-Israel relationship," AIPAC spokesman Andrew Schwartz said.
AIPAC also is boasting about attendance at the conference, which is expected to top 5,000 people, including nearly 1,000 students.
Such self-promotion is unusual for the organization, which generally feels it can be most effective if it keeps its achievements behind the scenes. In the past, major speakers have not been confirmed until the week before the conference, and officials play down the expected attendance, instead of talking it up.
AIPAC officials insist that this year's conference is business as usual, though they referred questions to Patrick Dorton, a Washington publicist whose experience in scandal management includes shepherding accounting giant Arthur Andersen.
"We're promoting the policy conference the same way we've done it in years past," Dorton said. "AIPAC continues to be proud of the work it does on behalf of its membership."
A source close to AIPAC said Howard Kohr, the group's executive director, will touch on the investigation briefly in a speech to delegates Sunday, but mostly will focus on AIPAC's policy agenda.
The organization has real work to do. Topping its agenda will be preparing Congress for the Israeli withdrawal. The lobby is preparing a letter for lawmakers to send to President Bush, underscoring how the United States should support the peace process. Bush already has expressed interest in assisting Israel in the development of the Negev Desert and the Galilee, the regions likeliest to absorb some 9,000 settlers from Gaza and the northern West Bank. Israel has suggested that resettlement costs could run as high as $3.5 billion.
AIPAC will be charged with laying the groundwork for pushing through any additional aid packages. In addition to direct aid, that could mean new U.S. loan guarantees for Israel.
It will be important for AIPAC to show that it backs the disengagement plan, especially since it has a hawkish reputation in Washington. A draft of the group's action agenda, which will be debated in executive committee at the conference, calls for supporting the "U.S. government's backing" of the plan, rather than the plan itself. Officials said that was in keeping with the group's philosophy of lobbying the U.S. government, not trying to influence Israeli policy.
In a twist, the disengagement plan could soon pit AIPAC against a traditional ally -- Christian evangelicals, including several prominent lawmakers, who believe the disengagement violates biblical precepts and offers Palestinian terrorists a triumph. Dovish groups welcomed the tilt.
"It's very significant that AIPAC intends to adopt formal policy language that embraces disengagement, and specifically the Bush administration's endorsement of disengagement," said Lewis Roth, assistant executive director of Americans for Peace Now.
Disengagement opponents said they won't try to scuttle AIPAC's support for the plan, which they believe is inevitable. Instead, they'll try to ensure that any resolutions reflect the trauma it will impose on settlers.
Morton Klein, Zionist Organization of America president, said language should refer to the evacuation of thousands of "women and children from Gaza" and the northern West Bank "by force if necessary, and abandoning Jewish homes, schools and synagogues where Jews have been living for 35 years."
Klein plans to continue protesting the plan but has pledged not to lobby against U.S. funding related to it.
As usual, the conference will see some protests. A coalition of right-wing Jewish groups are coordinating buses from New York to Washington, and plan to sleep outside the Convention Center in tents, simulating Gaza settlers who will be expelled from their homes under the withdrawal plan. The Council for National Interest, a pro-Arab group, also will protest, claiming undue Israeli influence in American foreign policy.
AIPAC is not shutting out disengagement dissenters. Natan Sharansky, who resigned recently from Israel's Cabinet because he believes the time is not ripe for the withdrawal, will speak Sunday night. The former Soviet dissident was expected to speak of democratic ideals, not disengagement.
Another crucial plank at the conference is backing for the Iran Freedom Support bill, a measure to strengthen sanctions against Iran by penalizing foreign countries that invest in Iran's energy sector and to provide funding to democratic groups in the Islamic republic.
The legislation, introduced by Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-Fla.), codifies much of what already is in the Iran-Libya Sanctions Act, but includes a provision that would notify investors if a fund they own has shares in a company that is subject to sanctions. The goal is to create an investor backlash against companies that deal with Iran.
AIPAC also will focus on the Iranian nuclear threat. Delegates will learn about the nuclear fuel cycle and how Iran appears to be seeking a nuclear bomb.
The lobby will continue to stress the annual passage of foreign aid. This year's aid package includes $2.28 billion in military aid for Israel and $240 million in economic assistance, as well as $150 million for Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
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