Why is this fraud different from all other frauds?
Years from now, lawyers, journalists and historians are likely to still be debating the causes and consequences of Madoff's massive deception. Untangling the mess will not only be crucial in the bid to provide restitution to some victims, it will also become a case study of how not to repeat the same mistakes.
Synagogue membership that is diverse in background, knowledge, experience and interest also challenges synagogue leadership to be teachers of Judaism. That teaching must be guided by the conviction that Jewish literacy is not simply about book learning but also Jewish heritage and life.