The Israeli documentary “The Flat” begins in a Tel Aviv apartment, where half a dozen people are clearing out 70 years of clutter left behind by their grandmother, who has died recently at 98.
In the midst of World War II, when a German general demanded that a noted Jewish radar expert be exempted from deportation to help the Nazi war effort, SS Lt. Col. Adolf Eichmann icily replied that as a matter of principle he could not make any exceptions in ensuring the success of the Final Solution.
Sixty-five years ago at the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, 22 defendants stood in the dock. They represented a cross-section of Nazi diplomatic, economic, political and military leadership, and became the first people in history to be indicted for crimes against humanity.
The face, with its twisted mouth, receding hairline and dark-framed glasses, is familiar around the world today. But 50 years ago, when Adolf Eichmann -- former head of the Nazi Department for Jewish Affairs -- first sat in a Jerusalem courtroom to face war crimes charges, his visage was known to very few.
The notorious Nazi Adolf Eichmann could have been caught sooner if Germany's intelligence agency had assisted, new information has revealed. The German Information Agency knew as early as 1952 that Eichmann, a chief organizer of the Nazi genocide against the Jews, was hiding in Argentina under a false name, the German tabloid Bild reported. The information was revealed after the newspaper sued the agency to force the release of all remaining documents on Eichmann, who was captured by Israeli agents in 1960. After a trial in Israel, he was executed in 1962 -- the only person ever executed by the Jewish state. "The revelations are very troubling because they clearly show the Germans never had any interest in bringing people like that to justice," Efraim Zuroff, head of the Simon Wiesenthal Center's Israel office, told JTA Monday. "Today they are making the effort, but with criminals who played a far lesser role than Eichmann."
A German court has paved the way for the release of secret files about executed Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann.
In a decision announced last Friday, the Federal Administrative Court in Leipzig found the German government's objections to release of the documents too vague.