Moshe Feiglin, a Knesset member from the Likud-Beiteinu Party, was prevented from entering the Dome of the Rock and then removed from the Temple Mount.
In rare criticism of an Israeli politician, the Anti-Defamation League called on Knesset candidate Jeremy Gimpel to apologize to Muslims for suggesting blowing up the Dome of the Rock mosque.
Police dispersed Muslim rioters on the Temple Mount who apparently had been spurred by reports that Jewish extremists planned to enter the site.
Israel on Monday closed a footbridge it deemed unsafe at Jerusalem's holiest and most volatile religious site after fears that demolition of the structure, used mainly by non-Muslim tourists, could spark Arab anger.
Israel has postponed the demolition of an access ramp to the Temple Mount following concerns expressed by Egypt and Jordan.