I have no doubt that some people's sexualities change. I have met many people who say it has happened to them. But I'm skeptical of the ones who credit their "reorientation" therapists. I just don't see the evidence that it works.
Can prayer change one's sexuality? I don't see why not. As an Orthodox Jew, I certainly support people praying for any change they want, from a new sexuality to more patience.
If I didn't believe God listens to prayers (although not always responding like a genie), I wouldn't see the point in praying at all. And anyone struggling to bring his behaviors in line with his values could benefit from a good therapist.
But that's not the focus of the "reparative therapy" promoted to many Jews struggling with same-sex attractions. People pay hundreds of dollars to people like Dr. Joseph Nicolosi, who tell them their homosexuality stems from problematic parenting, but that they can release their inner-heterosexual self through resolving trauma; hypermasculine or hyperfeminine role-playing; "gender-appropriate" activities, like baseball and sewing; and other things I don't have the stomach to describe.
If the Jewish ex-gay advocates knew anything about Judaism and homosexuality, they wouldn't endorse Christian psychoanalytic ideas, such as "healing same-sex attractions" and "becoming heterosexual" and the "false identity of homosexuality." Their offer to help gays "recover their heterosexual potential" has much in common with Nicolosi's Catholic natural law philosophy.
While Jewish law certainly calls for sexuality to be channeled into opposite-sex relationships, no notion that we're all inherently straight appears in any Jewish text. The Torah knows no sexual orientations
Many outspoken Jewish supporters of the ex-gay movement are nonobservant Jews. One Jewish woman who wanted to encourage me to become ex-gay sent me an e-mail
I wrote her back to let her know that (and I confirmed this with an Orthodox rabbi) if she had to violate one commandment, it would have been better for her to engage in lesbian sex than for her to e-mail me on Shabbat.
The main Jewish ex-gay group is Jews Offering New Alternatives to Homosexuality (JONAH). JONAH's confusion about Judaism and homosexuality is most evident in its promotion of Christianity.
Disturbingly, eight times JONAH's Web site recommends a book titled, "Homosexuality and the Politics of Truth," by Dr. Jeffrey Satinover, a Jewish psychiatrist. I read that book in 2002 when my rabbi told me it was JONAH-endorsed.
Satinover quotes the New Testament far more than any Jewish source. The views of the Apostle Paul (the founder of Christianity, who Satinover told me in an e-mail had "remarkably many deeply Jewish characteristics") appear on more than a dozen pages.
JONAH's Web site even quotes Jesus' thoughts about conversion to Christianity as expressed in the Gospel of Luke. The executive vice president of one organization JONAH has promoted used to have a policy (until I demanded its reversal) of refusing to talk to any Jews, no matter how observant, unless he was allowed to evangelize them for Christ.
Why is JONAH so intent on introducing Jewish strugglers to Christian ideas about homosexuality? Surely it's not advocating the path of ex-gay Richard Cohen, a man highlighted by JONAH's Web site more than a dozen times, who left Judaism in the 1970s to become a Moonie and now claims to be a more mainstream Christian. Committed Jews should challenge such apostasy, not admire it.
I would love to see a Torah-true organization for same-sex-attracted Jews, who on their own seek help in following Judaism's guidelines for family and bedroom life. Alas, such an organization does not yet exist.
David Benkof is a doctoral student in American Jewish history at New York University. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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