Yossi Harel, Commander of Exodus, Dies at 90
Last week, a white-haired former shipmate propped a gold-fringed, pale blue flag of the legendary Exodus ship next to the coffin of its commander, Yossi Harel.
A short distance away sparkled the azure Mediterranean Sea, whose waters Harel sailed four times on clandestine journeys between 1945 and 1948. Those journeys brought a total of 24,000 Holocaust survivors to the shores of what would soon become the State of Israel.
Harel, who died April 26 of cardiac arrest at the age of 90, was remembered as a hero by his former comrades, the Jewish refugees he helped bring to Israel and the leaders of the country.
He was “modest, a brave fighter and a hero who did not seek acts of heroism,” said Shaul Biber, a fellow former Palmach fighter.
When he secretly set sail from France on the Exodus, a rickety former Chesapeake Bay steamer originally called the President Warwick, Harel could not have known that the voyage would become legendary.
The boat left on July 11, 1947, with 4,553 Jewish refugees on board and headed toward Palestine until it was intercepted by British navy vessels. The British commanders ordered that the refugees not be allowed into Palestine, then under British control, and be sent back to Europe.
But the defiant Harel and his skipper planned a daring escape from under the nose of the British destroyer that was escorting them. They shut off the ship’s lights in the dead of night and swiftly changed the ship’s course, heading for Palestine.
The British intercepted the Exodus, hitting the ship’s bow and attempting to board the boat. Passengers tried to repel the British forces by hurling potatoes and canned goods at them. A British soldier and three Jews were killed in the clashes, including an American volunteer sailor from San Francisco, before Harel ordered his passengers to surrender.
The refugees were taken to Haifa and put on ships headed back to Europe.
Among those who witnessed the dramatic scene of the refugees disembarking from the Exodus in Haifa only to be loaded onto three other ships headed back for the continent were members of the United Nations Special Committee on Palestine.
The officials said later that seeing the unfortunate journey of those refugees up close spurred them to push for a resolution of the question of Palestine and the Jews who wanted to make it their home.
For its role in galvanizing world opinion in favor of a Jewish state, the Exodus became known as the ship that helped launch the Jewish state.
The dimensions of its story, including the return of the refugees to Europe and their eventual landing in Germany, was covered widely by the international media. The story was mythologized in the 1958 novel “Exodus,” by Leon Uris, as well as a hit film starring Paul Newman in a loose portrayal of Harel.
For Jews and non-Jews, the book and film painted a romantic, heroic picture of the Zionist cause, doing wonders for the young state’s image.
Years later, in the Soviet Union, illegal copies of the book were circulated among young Jews, turning them into avid Zionists. Among them were the leaders of the movement to free Soviet Jews and allow their immigration to Israel.
Harel, who was 28 when he was the Exodus commander, went on to a career in the Israeli army’s intelligence corps in the early years of the state. He later went into business and reportedly also worked for the Mossad.
During a visit to Los Angeles in 1948 he met an American woman who would become his wife.
“I saw a man in uniform facing me, impressive and handsome, and I fell in love with him immediately,” Julie Harel was quoted last week by the Israeli daily, Ma’ariv. “We were married and since then we were never apart. It’s hard for me to imagine life without him.
“His life,” she said, “was interwoven with the history of the State of Israel.”
—Dina Kraft, Jewish Telegraphic Agency
Arieh Diamond, a student at Rutgers University and 2007 graduate of New Community Jewish High School in West Hills, as well as a 2003 graduate of Kadima Academy in West Hills, died Sunday, May 4 in New Brunswick, N.J. He was 19.
Two Facebook pages in his memory have been formed—attracting both those who knew him well and those who wish they’d known him better.
According to a post on one of the pages from a fellow Rutgers student: “There was a very nice gathering at Rutgers, more than 300 people showed up to remember Arieh. We did what he would have wanted… we sang some of his favorite songs. It was really beautiful. We spoke kind words of Arieh—of his time here at Rutgers. He was definitely well-liked and he will be missed.”
A classmate from New Jew wrote:
“Arieh will never be forgotten. He would do anything to make people smile. Arieh was and always will be the very essence of a mensch. He will be missed. On his senior page, Arieh wrote ‘What is right is not always what is popular, and what is popular is not always what is right.’ He lived life to the fullest, and always made sure that everyone else did, too, or at least were never left out. He always had a smile on his face, and kindness in his heart. Arieh, if you could only see the changes you inspired in people. We all love you, and miss you terribly.”
A memorial service was held Thursday afternoon at Temple Ramat Zion in Northridge.
Burial at Eden Memorial Park.
Shiva will be held at private homes in Northridge and West Hills.
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Ilona Ackerman died April 7 at 100. She is survived by her son, Dr. John. Malinow and Silverman
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Victoria Rousso died April 6 at 92. She is survived by her son, Henry; and sister-in-law, Sylvia Kapon. Malinow and Silverman
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