JERUSALEM (JTA) – The deadly terrorist attack by an Arab bulldozer driver on a crowded street here Wednesday raised questions anew about how Israeli authorities can protect against attacks by lone assailants from eastern Jerusalem.
At least three people were killed and dozens injured in the noontime attack on Jaffa Road.
Husam Duwayat, a 30-year-old father of two from eastern Jerusalem, plowed through traffic on one of the busiest streets in the Israeli capital, overturning a commuter bus, crushing cars and sending pedestrians in a mad rush for safety.
“It was terrible, like nothing you could imagine,” a bus passenger who gave her name as Bat-El told Israel Radio.
Policemen and an armed civilian ended the rampage by scrambling aboard the 20-ton bulldozer and shooting Duwayat at point-blank range. The brutal scene was captured on film and broadcast around the world.
Associated Press video
There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the rampage, prompting speculation that Duwayat, who had been working at a construction site nearby, turned violent spontaneously. Police said he had a criminal record but no known terrorist ties.
It was the second attack in Jerusalem by a lone Arab assailant from eastern Jerusalem in five months. The previous attack was a shooting spree at a Jerusalem yeshiva in March, which left eight students dead.
Wednesday’s attack renewed debate in Israel over how to handle Palestinians from eastern Jerusalem, who carry Israeli identity cards and may travel freely around the Jewish state.
Israel’s West Bank security fence and regular IDF counterterrorist operations and intelligence gathering in Palestinian-populated territories have dramatically reduced terrorist attacks against Israelis from their highs earlier this decade, during the second intifada.
Such security measures, however, provide little defense against attacks like Wednesday’s, in which an Arab from an area west of the security fence apparently acting alone perpetrated a deadly attack using relatively unsophisticated weaponry.
The March attack at the Mecaz HaRav yeshiva in Jerusalem bore the same hallmarks.
“The terrorists never tire of thinking up original ways to strike,” said Jerusalem Mayor Uri Lupolianski. “It’s no accident they choose Jerusalem. This is the heart of the State of Israel, of the Jewish people.”
Two teachers among victims in rampage
Two Jerusalem teachers were among those killed in Wednesday’s terrorist attack.
Bat Sheva Unterman, 33, and Elizabeth Goren-Friedman, 54, were killed in the attack on Jaffa Road, in which an Arab construction worker from eastern Jerusalem deliberately plowed his bulldozer into vehicles and pedestrians, killing three and wounding dozens before being shot dead by an off-duty policeman.
As of late Wednesday, Israeli officials had not yet released the identity of the third casualty in Wednesday’s rampage.
Unterman’s car was crushed by the bulldozer. Her 6-month-old daughter, Efrat, was evacuated just before the vehicle was hit. Unterman lived in Jerusalem’s Rechavia neighborhood and worked as a nanny in a Har Homa kindergarten.
“Until Efrat was born, the children in the kindergarten were like her own, and she was a nanny of the highest excellence, with exemplary patience for each and every child,” her friend Meira Schwartz told Israel’s daily Ha’aretz.
Unterman’s husband, Ido, is the grandson of Rabbi Isser Yehuda Unterman, who served as the chief rabbi of Israel from 1964 to 1973.
Goren-Friedman, a native of Austria, lived in Jerusalem’s Katamon neighborhood and worked as a teacher in a school for the blind. She had three children, aged 16 to 23.
Friends told Ma’ariv that she volunteered regularly at Hadassah Hospital.
“Lili was a wonderful person,” her colleague Rachel Sakrovish told Ma’ariv. “There was not a student that she did not help progress on a personal, educational and rehabilitative level.”
After Wednesday’s attack, Israeli Industry and Trade Minister Eli Yishai called for the terrorist’s house in the Sur Bacher neighborhood of Jerusalem to be demolished—a punitive measure commonly used in the West Bank and Gaza until recently, when it was discontinued amid criticism by civil liberties groups.
Prime Minister Ehud Olmert ordered his ministers and legal advisers to assess the legal implications of taking such action, promising an answer by day’s end.
Pending a decision, police raided the house in search of clues as to Duwayat’s motives.
As they left, a female relative ululated from a balcony to watching journalists.
“Husam’s a martyr!” she shouted. “May God have mercy on his soul.”
The attack came as Olmert struggled to preserve a 2-week-old cease-fire with Hamas in the Gaza Strip. The cease-fire has been interrupted multiple times by rockets and shelling from Gaza.
Islamic Jihad, which has claimed responsibility for some of that rocket fire from Gaza, praised Duwayat’s attack.
“The Jerusalem Brigades bless the heroic operation in Jerusalem as the natural reaction to the crimes of the occupation,” the group said, according to reports.
In Gaza, Hamas spokesman Sami Abu Zuhri said he did not expect the Jerusalem attack to “influence the Gaza calm.”
“There is a continued aggression against our people in the West Bank and Jerusalem, and so it is natural that our people there will respond to such aggression,” he said.
From Washington, President Bush telephoned Olmert “and expressed his condolences to the Israeli people over today’s murderous terrorist attack,” the Prime Minister’s Office said.
The Fatah-led Palestinian Authority also issued a condemnation of the attack.
“Whoever carried this out wants to hurt the peace process, and we urge the Israeli side not to be dragged down by those who want this to happen,” said Tayeb Andel Rahim, an aide to P.A. President Mahmoud Abbas.
Israeli TV report (in Hebrew) shows off-duty IDF soldier shooting terrorist in bulldozer. (Starting at 2:35, man in blue shirt leaps up on bulldozer)
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