December 4, 2008
Showdown in Hebron as IDF evicts settlers
UPDATE: Settler violence follows Hebron evacuation
JERUSALEM (JTA) -- Settlers rampaged through Hebron following the evacuation of a disputed building.
Jewish youth entered the Palestinian areas of Hebron Thursday afternoon, setting set fires to cars, homes and trees, and throwing stones, according to reports.
The Israel Defense Forces declared all of Hebron a closed military area late Thursday afternoon in a bid to prevent other violent protesters from entering the area. Police used tear gas and stun guns to subdue the rioters, the Israeli daily Ha'aretz reported.
Television images showed a settler firing a rifle at Palestinians. Channel 2 reported exchanges of gunfire between Palestinians and settlers. Earlier Thursday, two Palestinians were injured when a Kiryat Arba man shot into a Palestinian crowd.
Settler youth in other areas of the West Bank also were rioting and throwing stones at Palestinian cars, Ynet reported.
The rioting has been called a "price tag policy" by the radical settler leadership, a "payment" for Thursday's evacuation by Israel security forces of the Peace House in Hebron, a four-story building located between the Jewish community of Kiryat Arba and the Cave of the Patriarchs. Both the Jewish community of Hebron and a Palestinian landowner claim ownership.
A Jerusalem District Court has been charged with settling the question of ownership of the property, where up to 20 Jewish families have lived for the past year. The house was evacuated after Israel's High Court of Justice upheld a government order to evacuate the house pending determination of ownership.
HEBRON, West Bank (JTA) -- It looked like a modern-day version of a medieval siege: Israeli paramilitary border police wielding batons and shields burst from vans, charging their way into a house in this tense, divided city.
The violent eviction Thursday ended one standoff between Jewish settlers and the Israeli government but spurred another.
After more than 200 settlers were hauled away from the cavernous four-story building by security forces using stun grenades and tear gas, dozens of settler youths fanned out across Hebron attacking Palestinians and setting olive groves ablaze. One settler shot two Palestinians outside their family home. The footage was broadcast by Israeli TV stations.
Earlier in the day, David Wilder, a spokesman for Hebron's Jewish community -- an island of several hundred Jews living in fortress-like compounds in the midst of more than 150,000 Palestinians -- warned that the house's evacuation would not pass silently. He spoke as Israeli police nearby scuffled with a group of teenage girls during the final throes of the evacuation of the disputed house.
"The people here were brutal," Wilder said of Israel's police. "And I think there will be a price to pay for it."
The notion of exacting a price for evacuation of settlers in the West Bank is the cornerstone of a new policy by some radical Jewish settlers to spread mayhem in response to any eviction attempt by the Israeli authorities. Dubbed "price tag," the policy aims to spread thin and exhaust Israeli security forces.
At stake is nothing less than the future of the West Bank, Israel and the Palestinian state, settlers say, with some determined to oppose any Jewish withdrawal from the holy land -- by force, if necessary.
"We are ready for battle and we are getting ready for battle," said Baruch Marzel, the leader of a settlers' resistance committee overseeing events at the disputed house, shortly before Thursday's evacuation. "This battle is very important to us because it's about the whole of the Land of Israel."
Inside the house, called Peace House by the settlers, police uncovered a stockpile of blocks, bricks, potatoes spiked with long nails, and containers of acid and turpentine. Caught by surprise, the evacuees didn't have time to use much of their arsenal.
Settlers say the house belongs to a Jewish buyer who purchased it for $1 million, and claim to have the documentation to prove it. But the Palestinian who sold the house to its Jewish owner -- Morris Abraham, a New York businessman -- says he reneged on the deal once he learned the buyer was Jewish. Israeli police say the settlers' sales contract is forged.
Israel's High Court of Justice ruled that the settlers should leave the house until the question of forgery can be sorted out, and the court ordered Defense Minister Ehud Barak to begin an immediate eviction.
The home's tenants, along with the hundreds of youth who had come to support them, said they were surprised by the speed of Thursday's evacuation and that it came without warning.
"We were in shock," said Aderet Shuavel, 24, her year-old son sleeping on her in a sling. "We had been sitting together eating lunch, and suddenly they jumped out of vans and burst into the house."
In her hand, Shuavel held an onion to help ward off the sting of the tear gas-filled air. Just a few steps away from her, in the shadow of the house, scuffles between police and settlers continued. Ponytailed girls in long skirts clung to boulders on the side of a dusty hill, refusing to be escorted away.
Unperturbed by the chaos surrounding her, she sounded a defiant note: "We will return. We will not be broken."
At the house, the police dragged out the settlers through the home's large, red metal doors, many of the settlers thrashing and shouting. Above them was a huge poster with the word "criminals" displayed above the faces of Barak and Supreme Court Justice Dorit Beinisch.
Barak defended his actions Thursday evening, commending the security forces for their work.
"A defense minister in Israel has no choice but to ensure that the law is upheld; without that we won't have a state," he said. "We are only a hair's breadth from utter anarchy."