November 14, 2008
Q&A with Yair Hochner—founder of Tel Aviv’s first gay and lesbian film festival
JJ: How did you come up with the idea for "Antarctica?"
YH: In 1999, during my last year at Camera-Obscura art school in Tel Aviv, I was inspired by one of my favorite films of the year, Michael Winterbottom's 'Wonderland,' which deals with the solitude of bachelorhood in the big city. I initially wrote my movie as a romantic comedy about a bunch of straight female characters, but when I came out of the closet and moved in with my partner, I decided to change it to a group of young, hot, lesbians and gay men in Tel Aviv with an ensemble cast that reflects familiar archetypes we all know in the queer community: the confused youngster who's unclear about his life; the stud who only has one-night stands with a different guy every night; the mature lesbian who wants to have a baby and create a family; the shy boy who prefers reading books to going out on the town and thus will never meet anyone. We even meet a Jewish mother (Huberman, aka stage name Miss Laila Carry), who constantly nudges her kids at their jobs. She wants grandchildren, she match-makes, and behind everyone's backs she...well, you'll have to watch the film to find out.
JJ: "Antarctica" is deliberately apolitical, but – as the L.A. Weekly noted -- "There is a subversive politicking in its insistence on portraying gay life as is, promiscuity and all. Which may be why the only Israeli theater that would show this lovingly goofy tribute to John Waters is a cinematheque. "What happened?
YH: Israeli distributors can be very hypocritical, because they show graphic sex scenes involving straight Israelis – "Late Marriage" had a 20-minute sex scene with erections – and "Antarctica" I think is less graphic. Of course, Israeli commercial distributors almost never screen any LGBT movies. So I took my film to Tel Aviv's cinemateque, where it's been screening for four months straight since August. Since then it's been in 12 countries, everywhere from the Venice film festival to Sao Paolo, where it was the opening night at the gay and lesbian film festival last week. The audience was packed with 800 people; [viewers] came from as far away as Rio to see the movie. I was shocked, but everyone was laughing and crying – I never imagined that in a different culture, in a very different context, it would feel the same as it does at home.
JJ: There have been some Israeli films, like Eytan Fox's "The Bubble," a gay love story between an Israeli and a Palestinian – that have received support from the Israeli film establishment.
YH: Yes but those kinds of movies are very mainstream in a way – "The Bubble" involves the Middle East conflict, while others may deal in part with the Holocaust, which are all subjects that Israelis like to watch. My movie is purely about gay and lesbian love stories in Tel Aviv. I didn't deal with Holocaust memories or Palestinians – which I think is boring to see so many times. I tried to get away from this. I just wanted to make a regular movie about regular people and their romantic lives.
JJ: Here in California gay marriage was struck down by our Proposition 8 this month. The lesbians in "Antarctica" discuss marriage, but same-sex marriage has never been legal in Israel.
YH: In the movie it's obvious they can't marry, but that's not the issue. The ability to marry or not is not the problem, the issue (which is the subject of the movie) is, 'How open are we to other people around us?"
JJ: Why did you choose to cast a drag queen in a woman's role?
YH: I wanted to make a totally queer film without any straight actors, and Noam is a great icon in Tel Aviv, he has his own show. I'm a great fan of John Waters and Divine, but I told Noam I wanted to do something that was not necessarily camp, and that was more realistic. I told him, 'Just act like an old Jewish woman and don't be too extreme.' I know many viewers are surprised when they see him because suddenly he jumps into the frame and it changes the vibe of the movie. The movie starts out very sexy, then becomes very realistic and dark, and then romantic and a bit campy. It's like three films on one ticket.
JJ: Why did you title the film 'Antarctica?"
YH: It has to do with transformation. The characters start out with very frozen hearts; they need to open themselves up to get warmer experiences in their lives. In Tel Aviv, like big cities such as London or New York, many people feel isolated, so they're have online dates and one-night stands and they feel alone, and they're waiting for that light to arrive to give us the opportunity to be open, to love.
JJ: Have you seen straight people in the audience as well?
YH: Absolutely. I think Israelis are tired of all the war movies and Lebanon movies and family dramas that we've seen in recent year. They just want to see something different – and they're looking for something that will tell them something about their own lives.
To see a trailer of "Antarctica" visit http://www.antarctica-themovie.com/videofinal.html.