Invoking Judaism's exhortation "to care for the widow and the orphan," Fleekop and a dozen other speakers presented universal health care as a God-given right. If funding is not forthcoming, they warned the four elected officials, more than 300,000 children in California will be uninsured by 2012.
"As people of faith, we won't stand for it," one speaker declared. It was hardly a fair fight. But that's how it usually goes at such events, whispered Simon Greer, president of Jewish Funds for Justice, which had bused in more than 200 participants for the meeting from its national conference, "Holy Congregations, Just Communities," in nearby Santa Clara.
These congregations were following a model of congregation-based community organizing put forward by Jewish Funds for Justice five years ago.
By joining with like-minded churches and civic groups in large, regional interfaith networks, Greer said, these synagogues are multiplying their strength and enhancing their effectiveness. Participants from around the country said they are helping to transform their congregations into more caring, connected communities.
On the social action front, they are moving beyond once-a-year "mitzvah days" to become effective agents for social change in housing, education, crime prevention and health care. They are helping to push through laws and policies at local and state levels that they never could have alone.
The model is proving to be popular. In 2002, when the Jewish Funds initiative began, 20 synagogues signed on. Today that number has climbed to 70. Staffers hope it will move past 100 by the end of the year.
Nearly 300 Jewish clergy, rabbinical students and lay leaders, representing 63 of those 70 congregations, spent three days this week at the group's second national gathering devoted to the issue.
Forty-four rabbinical students, from Reform to Orthodox, have taken the group's semester-long course in leadership development and community organizing. It is required of all second-year students at the Modern Orthodox seminary Yeshivat Chovevei Torah in New York.
Synagogues engaged in the work are reporting success.
A congregation near Chicago, working in concert with other faith-based groups, shut down one of its neighborhood's main suppliers of guns.Another congregation in Columbus, Ohio, secured $1 million to expand community health-care centers to serve an additional 3,500 people.A third, in Northern California, convinced county officials to set aside $18 million for affordable housing. And a fourth, in Maryland, doubled the number of taxis so local seniors could get around.
There are bigger victories as well. Rabbi Jonah Pesner spearheaded a successful organizing initiative at Temple Israel in Boston before being hired by the Reform movement to head its national "Just Congregations" project. He said the statewide health-care reform in Massachusetts passed last March because of the efforts of the 55 churches, synagogues and civic groups in the Greater Boston Interfaith Organization.
Beyond the tangible victories, those involved in this work say it has transformed their synagogues into communities where the people know and care about each other. In making the world a little better, they are making their congregations more warm, friendly and caring.
"My relationships with people are deeper, stronger," said Rick Zinman of Temple Beth El in Aptos, Calif.
The process itself is important, say participants. Instead of having the rabbi or social action committee decide which projects to work on, congregants sit down with each other to talk about who they are, what they care about and why, to hone in on the issues they want to focus on.
Kehilat Shalom in Montgomery Village, Md., decided to work for affordable housing because many of its members' children couldn't afford to buy homes in the area.
"My empty nesters said, 'Our kids are moving out, we want to be near our grandchildren,'" Rabbi Mark Raphael said.
Kehilat Shalom joined Action in Montgomery, a group of 31 local churches committed to social action, and together they got the county to earmark $140 million for affordable housing on public land. The congregation still collects clothes for the homeless and holds its annual mitzvah day.
The process is time consuming. Congregation Sha'ar Zahav in San Francisco held 150 one-to-one meetings over the course of a year before joining the San Francisco Organizing Project, an interfaith network, to work for health-care reform.
"There was a lot of hesitancy in the synagogue," congregant Susan Lubeck said. "The idea of being the only Jews in a Christian context was unnerving."
It turns out that the churches had been seeking a way to draw synagogues into their social justice work, said Erika Katske, associate director of the San Francisco Organizing Project, just at the time that synagogues nationwide were becoming more interested.
Last June, Sha'ar Zahav hosted its first meeting with city officials to push for health-care reform. Rabbi Camille Angel watched as her congregants stood up and, one by one, told their stories: One had AIDS, another couldn't afford medical insurance.
The politicos voted unanimously, and San Francisco became one of the first cities to pledge universal health-care coverage.
"I saw my congregants become leaders," Angel said. "It was one of the most religious moments I'd ever seen in my sanctuary."
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