"If you don't want to finish your work now, that's OK," his teacher, Chau Ly tells him. "You can do it later." "It's easy. I just don't feel like it," answers Adam (not his real name).
He looks at the language arts workbook open in front of him, then flips it to examine the bar code. He wants to tell Ms. Ly about the cat next door. Ms. Ly, sitting right across from him, tells him he can do that when he finishes his assignment. She begins to read him the next question.
He pulls at some rubber on his sneaker and says, "I don't need help, it's easy."
Ms. Ly sits back. Adam, an 11-year-old with learning and emotional disorders, begins to work quietly.
Finally, he finishes his assignment. Ms. Ly adds up the points he's earned for doing things like getting his head into the assignment and working independently, and sets the timer for his break.
He chooses to spend his time exchanging cat stories with Ms. Ly.
Adam is one of 12 students in Kol Hanearim, an organization that sponsors small classes in three local day schools for children with learning disabilities and emotional disorders such as attention deficit, oppositional behavior, depression or obsessive compulsive disorder. The kids spend part of the time in their own classroom and part of the time mainstreamed in regular classes. They also join their grade level for lunch, recess, art, PE and other activities.
The classes were founded last year by mothers of kids who had been either asked to leave a Jewish day school, or who chose to leave on their own. Their decision to stay and make something new is part of a slowly emerging trend toward integrating diverse learners into the Jewish day school milieu -- a move that everyone agrees has been too slow in coming, and has hardly begun to reach the students who need it.
For years, resources for kids with special needs have been scarce in Los Angeles' day schools.
While supplemental Jewish education programs -- camps, Hebrew schools, Shabbatons and parties -- have provided wonderful Jewish experiences to the region's special needs kids during the last 10 to 20 years, other cities seem to be making greater strides with their day school populations.
Parents who want their special needs children immersed in a Jewish environment on a daily basis often have to fend for themselves with minimal school support. Those able to afford it have hired tutors and shadows, which has not always been a successful solution. More often, parents have had to make the difficult choice to take the kids out of Jewish schools.
For parents in the Orthodox community, the decision to pull a kid out of day school means not only forfeiting a vital environment and education, but has social consequences, as well. Since the majority of Orthodox children attend day school, the child will be excluded from social circles, further marginalizing him or her.
With the explosion of day school attendance in the non-Orthodox sectors over the last 15 years, that decision is equally painful for Conservative and Reform parents who hoped to solidify a child's identity with an intense Jewish experience. About 10 percent of the general population has a disability, and the Bureau of Jewish Education estimates that between 700 and 800 children with disabilities are in Los Angeles' 37 day schools, which serve 10,000 kids.
Over the past several years, schools and programs have opened up to teaching a more diverse array of learners in Orthodox, Conservative, Reform and community schools.
"There is a growing awareness that day schools need to be accessible to the widest range of students possible, and schools are working hard to refine their mission statements and to make sure that whatever their aspirations are to work in this area, that they find the financial and human resources to make it successful," said Rabbi Joshua Elkin, executive director of the Partnership for Excellence in Jewish Education. The Boston-based group recently published a best practices report from day schools across the country.
Adam's mother says her son, who previously attended Vista Del Mar's Julia Ann Singer Center, a school near Culver City for children with severe emotional, learning and developmental disorders, has worked his way from a first-grade reading level to a fourth-grade reading level at Kol Hanearim. Whereas before he was surrounded by other kids with behavioral challenges, now he has nonchallenged children to model behaviors for him.
He is no longer embarrassed to wear a kippah and tzitzit, and can participate in class cooking projects without worrying about kashrut. He now asks to go to shul every Shabbat, and he even sings Hebrew songs in the shower.
While singing in the shower may seem like a silly benchmark, a positive or negative day school experience can have lifelong impact on a child's Jewish identity.
One woman who contacted Kol Hanearim told the story of her son, now grown, who had been thrown out of yeshiva and told he would never amount to anything. Today, he is working toward a master's degree in physics and is engaged to a non-Jewish woman.
Slammed Doors, New Opportunities
Kol Hanearim started its classes last academic year, soon after, Sharon Gindi was told that day school was no place for her son. She found that there were no good options for him within the Jewish community.
She got in touch with Kol Hanearim, a group of parents who had coalesced a few years before to offer Jewish programming to their children, who had left day schools. They had already met with principals in hopes of figuring out how to start classes for special-needs kids in day schools. But after two years, those meetings had gotten nowhere.
"I looked at my husband, and I said, ' All we need is a classroom and a teacher? How hard can this be?'" said Gindi, who will be speaking on this topic at a session at the United Jewish Community's General Assembly here this week. So she skipped over the organizational meandering and immediately got down to details.
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