They were part of a protest march that took place along Century Boulevard near Los Angeles International Airport aimed at hotels that allegedly have been preventing employees from unionizing. During the late afternoon, approximately 2,000 people marched down the major thoroughfare, cutting off traffic. In what has been called the largest act of civil disobedience in Los Angeles, more than 300 of those people later deliberately sat down in the street, were arrested and jailed for up to 24 hours.
Both Church and Podolsky say their Jewish heritage is an important motivation for their activism for labor rights.
"From a young age I learned there's a really strong message [in Judaism] about the importance of standing up for justice, and the importance of being directly involved," Podolsky said.
Both she and Church are members of the Progressive Jewish Alliance (PJA), a group dedicated to social justice in Los Angeles. Daniel Sokatch, executive director of PJA, estimates that the group had anywhere between 50 and 100 people present at the protest, and that about 10 of those were arrested.
One part of the PJA's larger goal is to reexamine the meaning of "kosher" among the Jewish population of Los Angeles.
"We're working to expand the definition of kosher for the Jewish community, to go beyond how food is prepared to how workers are treated in institutions," said Jaime Rapaport, program director for PJA. For example, she said, "The LAX Hilton is not a kosher hotel. Their kitchen may be kosher, and they may serve kosher food, but the way they treat their workers is not kosher."
Church, the PJA's Bay Area program director, said the timing of the protest, during the holiest part of the year, added meaning to her participation.
"The time in the Jewish calendar was very important to me in making the decision to take the steps to risk arrest ... it's a time when you take stock of how you've treated people over the last year," she said. "I can think of no better way to start off 5767 than by supporting hotel workers and hard-working immigrant families in their fight for dignity in the work place."
The sentiment was echoed by many, including Rabbi Jason Van Leeuwen of B'nai Tikvah Congregation in Westchester,who presided over a blessing of the challah in front of the Westin Hotel -- one of three blessings that took place: Christian, Muslim and Jewish. The challahs used were round, he said, "as a symbol for the cycle of the year, but also as a symbol of a message to the hotel management -- what goes around comes around."
Church said the religious service had been a highlight of the march.
"They said, 'We give you bread for the journey,' and passed out challahs to everyone. I remember hearing from some of the women later that the bread was just exactly what they needed, because they were feeling a little faint; they were feeling a little scared, frankly, and they said that having something to eat whether or not they were Jewish was really important to them."
When the marching stopped, the sitting began. Those being arrested sat down on Century Boulevard -- the main thoroughfare to LAX -- where the police warned them that, unless they moved, they faced arrest. All wore matching shirts that read, "I am a human" in English and Spanish, echoing signs held at the 1968 sanitation workers' strike in Memphis. The 300 arrested offered no resistance as officers put them in plastic handcuffs.
En route to jail they sang songs.
"I wanted to lead songs in Hebrew and teach people, but it didn't seem like the right environment," Church said. "But we sang 'We Shall Overcome,' and we sang 'We Shall Not Be Moved' in English and Spanish."
Even as they were arresting the protesters, many police seemed supportive of the action.
"I was speaking to one of them who was taking my fingerprints," Church said, "and he said, 'You know, I think I support what you're doing.' I said, 'You're unionized, right?' And he said, 'Oh yeah, and if we weren't I'd want you all to be out on the streets.'"
This was a first arrest for both Church and Podolsky.
"Jail is cold, dingy and boring," Podolsky said. "But I would do it a lot more, if it were necessary in order to stand up for these issues."
Other arrestees shared cells with prostitutes or drug dealers.
Both Church and Podolsky spent the night in jail in South Central, released at 3:30 and 6:30 a.m., respectively.
Van Leeuwen agreed that the action was in accordance with Jewish teachings. "The Torah repeatedly tells us that we should love the stranger; that they should be subject to laws and rights we're subject to," he said.
Though tired from a long march and a night spent in jail, everyone seemed in good spirits by Friday, proud of what they had accomplished.
"It was an incredible experience, and it was also an uncomfortable experience ... it's something that I look back on with pride," Church said. Said Podolsky, simply, "It's a good way to be Jewish."
Rabbi Jonathan Klein blowing the shofar in support of the protesters. Photo by Dan Kacvinski