Food is the centerpiece of every Jewish holiday. For Rosh Hashanah especially, our traditional foods are a kind of ritualistic prayer where we ask that the coming year be better than the last. During a time when are lives are weighed and measured, we dip the apple in honey and eat the head of a fish (or broiled cow tongue in certain Sephardic households) to ask for the next year to be sweet and prosperous. Every Rosh Hashanah you probably expect your mom's famous roast, or the traditional honey cake, but why not make this year about trying new recipes with similar flavors. Sweet is the theme for this season and new cookbooks are varying the holiday fare by borrowing from other culinary cultures and serving up some traditional favorites with a twist. Before you gather around your table this year, check out these latest cookbook offerings and surprise your family and guests with something a little bit different.
It's so easy to refer time and again to the family recipe book to create your Yom Tov menu, but it's more exciting to bring other culinary traditions to your holiday table. Dispersed across the globe for centuries, Jews have adopted much of the cuisine of their host countries and incorporated local and available ingredients. Jewish cookbook queen, Joan Nathan, in her book, "Joan Nathan's Jewish Holiday Cookbook" (Schoken, $29.95), has updated the recipes from her two classic books, 1982's "The Jewish Holiday Kitchen" and 1997's "The Jewish Holiday Baker," and invites you to prepare classic dishes from Jewish households all over the globe, making this year's holiday a cross-cultural feast.
Right before the High Holidays, the bakery is always the last place you want to be shopping. This year, instead of taking a number and waiting in an endless line, opt for the simple pleasure of making your own challah. In her book, Nathan includes an authentic Moroccan family recipe for Pain Petri (challah) to spice up your holiday table.
For the main course, go with Persian Fesenjan, a chicken stew made with walnuts and pomegranates -- another fruit traditionally eaten on Rosh Hashanah at the beginning of the meal with all of the other symbolic foods. The many seeds of the pomegranate are a sign of fertility, and serving an entrée that incorporates its juice is an original way to further indulge in the seasonal fruit.
Pain Petri (Moroccan Challah)
Note: You can either make this by hand or using a food processor.
7-8 cups unbleached all-purpose flour
1/3 cup sugar
3 eggs plus 1 yolk
1/3 cup plus 1 tablespoon vegetable oil
1 teaspoon salt
1 tablespoon sesame seeds
1 tablespoon anise seeds
1 1/2 scant tablespoons (1 1/2 packages) active dry yeast
1 1/2 cups warm water
Place 7 cups of flour in a huge bowl. Make a well in the center and place the sugar, three eggs, 1/3 cup of oil, salt and sesame and anise seeds in the well. Dissolve the yeast in the warm water, then add it to the well.
Using your hands, gradually work in the flour with the ingredients in the well. Add more flour as needed. When a medium-stiff dough is formed, knead on a wooden board for about 20 minutes.
Form the dough into a ball, turn it in a greased bowl to coat the surface and cover with a towel. Let rise in a warm place for 30-40 minutes, or until doubled in size. Punch down and knead once more. Divide the dough into five pieces. Either shape each into a round ball or make a long piece of it and twist it into a spiral with the end of the dough at the high point in the center. Cover and let rise for about 1 hour, until doubled in size.
Preheat the oven to 375F. Cover a cookie sheet with aluminum foil.
Remove the dough to the cookie sheet. Brush with the remaining egg yolk mixed with the tablespoon of oil and bake for 35-45 minutes.
Persian Fesenjan (Pomegranate-Walnut Chicken Stew)
One 3 1/2-pound chicken, cut up
2 tablespoons vegetable oil
1 medium onion, chopped
2 cups walnuts, ground
1/3 cup hot water
2 tablespoons lemon juice
2 cups pomegranate juice or 1/2 cup pomegranate molasses
1 tablespoon tomato paste
Salt and freshly ground pepper
2 tablespoons sugar
Brown the chicken in the oil and remove to drain on a paper towel. Brown the chopped onion in the same oil.
In another pan, brown the walnuts, stirring constantly, without using any shortening. When brown, add the onion. Then slowly add the hot water so that the mixture does not stick. It should not be too liquid -- more like a paste. Then add the lemon juice, pomegranate juice, tomato paste, salt and pepper to taste and sugar, stirring with a spoon. When well-mixed, add the chicken.
Bring the mixture just to the point of boiling (not a fast boil). Decrease to a simmer and let cook, covered, until the chicken is very tender, about 45 minutes. If the sauce is not thick enough, remove the chicken and boil the liquid down until the desired thickness is reached, stirring as it cooks.
For a holiday menu rich in fruit and vegetables, a vegetarian cookbook is a great source to draw from on Rosh Hashanah when on the hunt for new recipes. Try a soup with sweet fruits and vegetables to change up the first course. Vegetarian cookbook veteran Nava Atlas, in her new book "The Vegetarian Family Cookbook" (Broadway, $17.95), offers tasty recipes for the die-hard vegetarian or for anyone looking to enrich their diet with more fruits and vegetables. With the plethora of junk food at our fingertips, it is more tempting to reach for potato chips than carrot sticks to satisfy hunger. Inspired by a lack of healthy food choices for adults and children, Atlas compiled a cornucopia of wholesome meals and snacks for even the pickiest eaters. Her Creamy Butternut Squash and Apple Soup is a great starter for the Rosh Hashanah feast, or a fabulous meal by itself when opting for a lighter lunch after days of endless holiday eating.
Creamy Butternut Squash
and Apple Soup
1 large butternut squash
2 tablespoons light olive oil
1 large red onion, chopped
4 cups peeled, diced apple, any cooking variety
4 cups prepared vegetable broth, or 4 cups water with 1 vegetable bouillon cube
1/2 teaspoon ground ginger
1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
2 cups low-fat milk, rice milk, or soy milk
Salt and freshly ground pepper to taste
Preheat the oven to 400F.
Halve the squash lengthwise with a sharp knife and scoop out the seeds and fibers. Place cut side up in a shallow baking dish and cover tightly with foil. Or, if you'd like a more roasted flavor, simply brush the squash halves with a little olive oil and leave uncovered. Either way, bake for 45-50 minutes, or until tender. Set aside until cool enough to handle.
Heat the oil in a soup pot. Add the onion and sauté over medium-low heat until golden, eight to 10 minutes.
Add the apples, broth and spices. Bring to a simmer, then cover and simmer gently until the apples are soft, about 10 minutes.
In a food processor, puree the squash with 1/2 cup of the milk until completely smooth. Transfer to a bowl.
Transfer the apple-onion mixture to the food processor and puree until completely smooth. Return to the soup pot and add the squash puree; stir together. Add the remaining milk, using a bit more if the puree is too thick.
Bring the soup to a gentle simmer, then cook over low heat until well heated through, five to 10 minutes. Season with salt and pepper. Serve at once or let the soup stand off the heat for one to two hours, then heat through as needed before serving.
Honey cake is a great way to end the meal, but Lise Stern's "How To Keep Kosher" (Morrow, $24.95) offers a great variation you might want to serve after a light pareve or dairy lunch. The sponge honey cake is a tradition not to be forgotten, but Stern livens it up hers with some honey frosting and tops it with caramelized apples. Her creation is one of the many kosher recipes she features in her book which is primarily meant to educate and excite her readers about the fundamentals of kashrut, its origins and modern-day practices.
Honey Layer Cake With
1 large egg
1 cup honey
1 cup plain yogurt, stirred until smooth
1/4 cup unsalted butter, melted and cooled
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
2 1/3 cups all-purpose flour
1/2 teaspoon baking powder
1 teaspoon baking soda
1/4 teaspoon salt
Oil for the pans
Preheat the oven to 350F. Spray or lightly grease two 8-inch round cake pans.
Combine the egg, honey, yogurt, melted butter and vanilla in a large bowl. Using an electric mixer, beat on medium speed until well blended.
Put the flour, baking powder, baking soda and salt in a sifter. Sift half the flour into the honey mixture. On low speed, blend until fully incorporated. Sift in the remaining flour and blend in until smooth.
Divide the batter into the prepared pans. Bake at 350F for 25-30 minutes, until pale gold in color and a tester inserted into the center of the cakes comes out clean.
Cool in the pans for 20 minutes, then remove and cool on racks.
When fully cool, spread Honey Cream Frosting (see recipe below) between the layers and on the top of the cake (not on the sides). To serve, slice into wedges and put on individual plates. Top each slice with a spoonful of Caramelized Apples (see recipe below).
Makes 12 servings.
Honey Cream Frosting
8 ounces cream cheese, at room temperature
2 tablespoons salted butter, at room temperature
3 tablespoons honey
1 1/2 cup sifted confectioners' sugar
Cream together the cream cheese, butter and salt until smooth, using an electric mixer or a wooden spoon. Blend in the honey, then the confectioners' sugar. The frosting should be of an easily spreadable consistency. If it seems too thin, add additional sifted confectioners' sugar, 1 tablespoon at a time.
2 tablespoons salted butter
3 apples (preferably pink lady or gala), peeled, cored and cut into 1/2-inch chunks
1/4 cup light brown sugar
Melt the butter over medium heat in a medium saucepan. Add the apples and sauté for two minutes. Sprinkle the brown sugar over the apples. Bring to a simmer, then lower the heat, and simmer over low heat for five to 10 minutes, until the apples are softened but still hold their shape. Serve warm; the compote may be reheated.
If the thought of slicing into a rich cake is a bit unbearable after a long meal, opt instead to prepare a helping of Yetta's Stewed Summer Fruits. Former actress and neophyte cookbook author Pamela Hensley Vincent compiles treasured family recipes in her new scrapbook cookbook, "The Jewish-Sicilian Cookbook" (Overlook Press, $24.95). So much of our history is in our culinary heritage and Vincent offers a glimpse into the lives of her immediate family and the recipes for which they were famous. Yetta's -- short for Henrietta, Vincent's maternal grandmother -- stewed fruit is a light desert that fits neatly into the sweet holiday theme.
Yetta's Stewed Summer Fruits
4 to 6 peaches, peeled, pitted and quartered
12 plums, pitted and quartered
12 apricots, pitted and quartered
1 pound fresh cherries, stemmed
Juice of 1 lemon (or 2 limes)
1/2 cup water
1/2 cup brown sugar
1 cup dark rum
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
Put the peaches, plums and apricots into a pot. Add the cherries (whole & un-pitted). Add the water, lemon or lime juice, brown sugar, rum and cinnamon. Bring to a boil. Reduce the heat, cover the pot, and simmer for about 40 minutes. Allow to cool. Then pour into a glass jar and store in the fridge.
Yields four to six cups.