June 5, 2008
S.F.‘s new Contemporary Jewish Museum meshes art, ideas and architecture
It's also the latest example of the Jewish museum as event rather than institution.
Several things set this ambitious new creation apart.
First is the sheer scale: a $47.5 million, 63,000-square-foot building designed by Daniel Libeskind, famed architect of Berlin's Jewish Museum and the master site plan for the rebuilt World Trade Center.
The facility, which incorporates an abandoned 1907 PG&E power station into a design inspired by "chai," the Hebrew word for life, fairly screams high concept, but in a comfortable, Northern California kind of way.
The airy museum lobby lifts the spirits. As Libeskind explains in his architect's statement, "No Jewish museum can ignore the darkness of the Holocaust," but the building here "embodies and manifests hope" and, like the American West, describes "a culture of freedom, curiosity and possibility."
It's also a museum that fits Northern California, a community that is highly innovative, largely unaffiliated and has not experienced the discrimination Jews have felt elsewhere, said Mitchell Schwarzer, an art history professor at the Bay Area's California College of the Arts,
"This is a place of life and celebration and moving forward," he said. "It's not a place of reflection on tragedy, because the Jewish experience in California has not been a tragic one."
Another defining characteristic is that the museum will maintain no permanent collection, but will host temporary and traveling exhibitions.
That's partly due to its proximity to Berkeley's Judah L. Magnes Museum, which owns the country's third-largest Judaica collection. The two institutions are still smarting from an abortive merger effort that collapsed a few years ago, and are eager not to step on each other's toes.
In fact, one of the Contemporary Jewish Museum's opening exhibitions includes a few pieces borrowed from the Magnes, illustrating what both institutions envision as a close ongoing cooperation.
"They're doing something totally wonderful and unique," said James Leventhal, development director at the Magnes. "They are carving out new ground, and the way they are partnering with us is part of that."
Yet another distinctive characteristic is its focus.
The Contemporary Jewish Museum isn't the only large-scale Jewish museum to open in recent years. There's the splashy and quite successful 10-year-old Skirball Cultural Center in Los Angeles; the impressive Maltz Museum of Jewish Heritage, which opened in 2005 in Cleveland; and the country's newest Jewish museum, which opened this spring in Milwaukee.
In 2010, Philadelphia's National Museum of Jewish History will move to a new 100,000-square-foot facility on Independence Mall.
The latter three, like most Jewish museums in this country, focus on chronicling the history of a particular Jewish community. A lesser number function more like Jewish art galleries. And, of course, there are the Holocaust museums, which range from small private collections in federation offices or synagogues to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C.
The San Francisco museum is most similar to The Jewish Museum in New York in terms of focus, scale and public programming. But while the latter is a collecting institution that interprets the history of world Jewry, San Francisco's museum offers what director Connie Wolf described as "a contemporary perspective on Jewish art, culture and history."
Wolf sees the new museum as devoted to "art and ideas." It will host ambitious exhibitions, but the art itself isn't the focus so much as the conversations that art engenders, and the community that Wolf and her staff hope to create from those conversations.
"Most people, if you say 'Jewish museum,' they think Holocaust museum or history museum. We are neither," said Wolf, who headed the museum in its previous, much more modest incarnation at the S.F.-based Jewish Community Federation building on Steuart Street, near the Embarcadero.
Wolf was the driving force behind the museum's yearslong re-imagining. "We want people to ask questions -- what does 'contemporary' mean?"
It's a lofty goal, envisioning a museum as community builder. To get that started, for example, the museum is hosting "Dawn," a dusk-to-sunrise Shavuot celebration for young Jews on Saturday, June 7, featuring live music, spoken word, film, DJ dancing and rabbi-led text study.
And art, of course. The revelers will be able to wander through the exhibit halls all night, enjoying the artwork while marking a Jewish holiday. The holiday actually begins the next night, Wolf says, so as to enable observant Jews to attend.
Programming focused on events that appeal to the young, largely unaffiliated Jewish generation is more typical of what one might expect from a Jewish community center. What distinguishes the museum is a conscious reference back to the arts.
For example, the three inaugural exhibitions are "The Aleph-Bet Project," a series of sound pieces based on letters of the Hebrew alphabet commissioned by musician John Zorn; "From The New Yorker to Shrek: The Art of William Steig," on loan from New York's Jewish Museum; and "In the Beginning: Artists Respond to Genesis," for which the museum invited seven artists -- not all Jewish -- to create works inspired by the first book of the Hebrew Bible.
Five of the artists did a morning study session in New York with Arnold Eisen, a former Bay Area resident and chancellor of the Jewish Theological Seminary, demonstrating the museum's focus on the interplay between art and ideas.
That focus is illustrated also in the writer-in-residence position created for Berkeley's Dan Schifrin, who is doubling as the director of public programming. Many of his initial offerings show a heavy literary bias, including an October hosting of StoryCorps, a New York-based oral history project founded and run by Dave Isay.
Schifrin himself will facilitate a book group focusing on Jewish literature that deals with Jewish art.