July 22, 2007
Tisha B’Av 101—the basics
What is Tisha B'av?
Tisha B'av is the Fast commemmorated on the ninth day of the month of Av. It begins at sunset Monday July 23, 2007 and ends at nightfall on July 24.
Why do we fast on Tisha B'av?
According to the Mishna, five misfortunes befell the Jews on this day throughout history:
As on Yom Kippur, people do not wear leather shoes, wash or anoint with oils. Because it is a day of mourning (unlike the High Holidays), some do not sleep with a pillow or on a bed, or on chairs, but on the floor, especially for the customary reading of Megillat Eicha, or Lamentations, which says:
Al eileh, ani bochiya. ("For these things, I do weep") (1:16) , lamenting the destruction of Jerusalem."Bitterly she [Jerusalem] weeps in the night, tears upon her cheeks, she has no one to comfort her out of all her friends, all her friends have betrayed her and become her foes." (1:2) See also Commemorating Tisha B'Av -- what to do?
For more information, click http://www.jewfaq.org/holidayd.htm.