July 23, 2008
Feminist cantor retires from long-term post
If words don't come easily to Rosenbloom, it's because she has spent most of her life singing. As early as age 4, she jumped up on a coffee table at home and sang an Israeli folk song for her mother and father
In 1980, five years into her cantorate, Aviva Rosenbloom, then in her early 30s, stood before her Reform congregation at Temple Israel of Hollywood and stretched the boundaries of her role as singer and teacher to ask her congregation a difficult question: "Are women in Judaism equal?"|
It was an appropriate setting for the query -- the first "feminist Shabbat" at the synagogue, a service Rosenbloom not only helped create, but nurtured into the spotlight. The groundbreaking event marked the first time a group of women stood on the temple's bimah together to lead the congregation in prayer -- and the only time Rosenbloom publicly used her voice to deliver a sermon. She had sketched out her thoughts on 19 pages of handwritten notes, protesting the inequality of women in Judaism and calling it a "patriarchal religion." That radical address still resonated 28 years later, when part of it was played during a musical celebration honoring her retirement at TIOH last May, titled, "Erev Aviva."
"Women feel like second-class citizens in Jewish life," Rosenbloom said in the speech. "We don't feel like we're really Jews, and I think that attitude should change."
Rosenbloom's voice, with all its mellifluous harmony, became a harbinger of change. Yet almost three decades later, her message was no less poignant; it was a reminder of how much her early vision has changed the status of women in Judaism.
The culmination of her career-long effort took place when hundreds of Rosenbloom's fans gathered in the TIOH sanctuary at "Erev Aviva" to celebrate an artistic voice with a political impact. Friends, colleagues and fellow clergy praised her as a "champion of women," a "trailblazer" and someone of "grace, humor, wit and passion"; the choir sang songs she had written; TIOH Senior Rabbi John L. Rosove dedicated a Torah in her honor, and Rosenbloom sat quietly in the front row as the community celebrated her 32-year legacy.
A few weeks later, Rosenbloom, 60, now Cantor emerita, reflected on her career from her new office in the temple's former choir loft. (Chazzan Danny Maseng is now the temple's cantor and music director, making him the temple's third full-time cantor in its 82-year history.) When asked about the evolution of Jewish life in Los Angeles, Rosenbloom struggled for the right words; she pondered for a moment, then covered her eyes trying to focus.
"I wouldn't know where to begin to say how Jewish L.A. has changed. There's just too much, and it's too huge," she said.
If words don't come easily to Rosenbloom, it's because she has spent most of her life singing. As early as age 4, she jumped up on a coffee table at home and sang an Israeli folk song for her mother and father. It was the ultimate gesture from young Rosenbloom, who identified with both parents -- her mother both sang and taught Hebrew and her father was a cantor -- though her mother's unexpected death when she was 10 forced her to look to her father as a mentor.
"I didn't grow up with the advice and companionship and modeling of a mother," Rosenbloom said. "My parental role model was my father, and my vision was more like what my father did. When I was a little girl, I wanted to be an opera singer on the moon."
Nevertheless, after majoring in sociology at Brandeis University and becoming active in the '60s counterculture, the anti-war activist and civil rights proponent had no idea what she wanted to do with her life -- so she went to Israel.
"I felt more American in Israel than I felt Jewish, because what differentiated me from everybody else wasn't that I was Jewish, but that I was an American Jew," Rosenbloom said. The trip changed her life. "Israel wound up showing me who I was other than the Jewish component -- mainly, that I was a singer; that my calling was music."
"Everywhere I went they were asking me to sing," she said.
Rosenbloom never dared to dream she could become a cantor, a role that at that time was held only by men. But Rabbi Haskell Bernat, whom she met first when she was at Brandeis and then worked with at a synagogue in Massachusetts, believed in her talent, and when he became Temple Israel's rabbi he invited her -- despite her lack of formal training -- to come to Hollywood as a cantor.
"I knew I had a lot of work to do to step up to this, but somehow I knew that I could do it," she said. "I had this sense that I belonged on the bimah."
Rosenbloom delved into her studies and soon became the first female cantor in Los Angeles to gain full-time employment.
"There were people who were horrified," she recalled. "I didn't so much feel people were opposed to the fact that I wasn't invested; they were opposed to the fact that I was young, I was a woman and I was playing the guitar."
The move toward a more participatory worship service led by a woman was a significant shift in the style and culture of the synagogue. When she first arrived, Rosenbloom was not allowed to lead High Holy Day services in the main sanctuary because it was thought she might upset the older, more prominent members of the synagogue. And it wasn't until that seminal feminist service in 1980 that other women began appearing on the bimah.
Since then, Rosenbloom says women's contributions at Temple Israel and elsewhere have made worship more personal and creative and have integrated new ritual practices that reflect a woman's experience, including annual feminist Passover seders. Part of that change also meant acknowledging that along with her demanding professional life, Rosenbloom and husband, Ben, would raise their son, Eitan, in the midst of synagogue life.
"It was difficult because whenever I was here, I wished I was with my son, and whenever I was with my son, I wished I was at the temple."
With her retirement, she leaves behind an adoring community, as well as what she sees as a changing era in the cantorate, in which the role of a cantor as soloist is diminishing. Although she helped usher in the change to a more participatory service -- or what some feel is a return to more traditional modes of davening -- she regrets that it means many cantors are now doing less of the artistic performance they love.
Fortunately for her, she will now have the time and space to return to her art.
"I need to see who I am when I am not cantor of Temple Israel of Hollywood," she said. "I need to refocus on what feeds my soul -- singing and music."