April 9, 2006
Competing Moments of Truth on Schools
On Tuesday April 18, Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa is expected to lay the groundwork for the most defining initiative of his term in office: his attempt to take control of Los Angeles' schools. But the day before he does, opponents of his plan will beat him to the microphone. The L.A. teachers union has scheduled a Monday press conference, hoping, they said, to push Villaraigosa in a different direction.
Villaraigosa's first state-of-the-city speech is likely to put bone and muscle on his school takeover pitch which, up till now, nearly a year into his term, has been theoretical and short on specifics. If Villaraigosa delivers what people all over town have been waiting for, a slew of interest groups will know where they stand and will begin to respond accordingly.
"Mayor Villaraigosa has made a major commitment to take on the reform of the school district, and the civil, political and media hierarchy of the city have taken up that commitment as a serious benchmark of his performance as mayor," said David Abel, a publisher who founded New Schools, Better Neighborhoods, an organization that works to shape schools as centers of community revitalization.
Unless Villaraigosa holds off -- and further delay might be seen as retreat or indecision -- the mayor will set the city on a path toward mayoral control within about two years. That would put Villaraigosa on a timetable to win control in a first term as mayor and wield that power in a second term, if he is reelected.
"Getting this to happen," said Abel, who supports mayoral control but is not directly involved in the effort, "will be a delicate balance between the doable, the clock and the mayor's own strategic goals and political ambitions."
United Teachers Los Angeles (UTLA), the L.A. teachers union, hasn't been content to wait for the unveiling. Over the past several weeks, union leaders have met with community groups and other key players, trying to set up a parallel juggernaut. The effort is planned to culminate the day before Villaraigosa's speech, at a news conference during which the union will unveil its own "Call to Action" on school reform.
Early this week, the union was putting its reform declaration in final form, trying to settle on wording that will attract as many allies as possible. The stated goals will have much in common with what anyone would like to see in Los Angeles' schools: It will call for quality instruction by fully trained teachers, a rigorous, diverse and engaging curriculum and adequate (meaning increased) funding.
"I think Mayor Villaraigosa will agree with almost all of it," said UTLA spokesperson Steve Weingarten. "This vision of ours does not stop and start with mayoral control. We will be proposing the most dramatic changes at the school site. If you have people at that ground level making decisions, then it's secondary who's controlling things at the top."
Of course, until now, the teachers union has been the most consistently powerful political force in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). The mayor's intervention could change that.
A recent version of the union's draft declaration didn't take on mayoral control directly, but spoke generally of more representation, which for the union has meant an elected school board at one end and a switch to community-governed schools at the other. Union officials also have talked about expanding the school board and "professionalizing" it. Which means making school board service a full-time job and increasing a board member's salary and staff. That agenda is hardly compatible with putting Villaraigosa in charge.
Specific wording on who would call the shots is tricky for the union, because potential members of the union's hoped-for coalition are not themselves settled on the issue.
"Some are a little more opposed to mayoral control than others," said one teachers union stalwart, joking that "some are atheists and some are agnostics."
Groups at the table with UTLA have included ACORN, a national social justice organization with deep Los Angeles roots; CARACEN, an L.A.-based organization that focuses on the needs of Central American immigrants and Latinos; and One L.A., the local affiliate of the national Industrial Areas Foundation. The union also would like to bring on board officials from smaller cities, such as Carson, South Gate and Cudahy, that are served by the LAUSD.
"The new leadership of UTLA prefers to work in concert with community organizations as part of a real alliance for change," said Joel Jordan, the union's director of special projects.
The union desperately wants to avoid being the bogeyman of school reform. A hint of that worst-case scenario played out during a late-March panel discussion at the Latino-Jewish Roundtable, held at the West Los Angeles headquarters of the Anti-Defamation League.
"Nobody ever gets fired," said Marcus Castain, the mayor's point man for developing a reform plan, while enumerating the district's ills. "Fifty-three teachers were let got out of 37,000 in a school system where 75 percent of students are not making the grade."
At the forum, Castain was supposed to have gone head to head with school board President Marlene Canter, who, like other board members, has evinced no desire to turn over authority to the mayor. But Canter couldn't attend because a school board meeting ran late, and Canter's pinch hitter avoided a verbal confrontation with Castain.
Instead, Lucy Okumu, an aide to Superintendent Roy Romer, suggested that Romer could find some common ground with the mayor if the goals included making it easier to get rid of bad teachers.
The union failed to burnish its own image recently when it backed a school board candidate, Christopher Arellano, who works for the union as an organizer. His candidacy collapsed after The Journal and other media outlets reported that he'd exaggerated his academic credentials and failed to disclose two theft convictions. UTLA spent more than $200,000 on his behalf and Arellano limped into a runoff, but he and the union have abandoned his candidacy.
The union would prefer to be one of many groups supporting its Call to Action. But each invited participant has interests that don't perfectly coincide with the union's. One such group is the Community Coalition, a black-brown social justice organization of South Los Angeles. Its focus has been getting the school district to make a full college-prep curriculum available to every student, said Sheilagh Polk, the coalition's communications adviser. That goal appears in the Call to Action.
Nonetheless, the Community Coalition and other groups also are meeting with the mayor's office. It's clear that the mayor, too, would like to line up as many allies as possible.
The union leadership considered staging a competing event on the day of the mayor's address, but that idea was dismissed as unnecessarily confrontational, said UTLA's Jordan. Besides, on the charisma scale, "You're not going upstage Antonio."
Jordan spent most of his career in the teaching trenches, one of a legion of Jewish educators devoted to serving communities of poor black and brown students. It was another Jewish educator, Herman Katz, who helped turn around a teenage Villaraigosa when he was in danger of becoming a dropout.
Jordan remains on a first-name basis with the mayor after having worked with Villaraigosa during the future mayor's days as a UTLA organizer: "He's one of ours," said Jordan.
Or so he seemed when UTLA broke with much of organized labor and backed Villaraigosa for mayor last year instead of incumbent James Hahn. Jordan and recently elected teachers' union president A.J. Duffy met with Villaraigosa earlier this year.
"If we could show him there might be another way to have an effect on schools..." said Jordan wistfully, adding, "he left that door open."
Jordan also conceded: "He appears to be set on his course. I wouldn't bet against that."